Skin Pigmentation Problems - Freckles Removal | LS Aesthetic Clinic
 
 
 
 
 
 

Skin Pigmentation Problems

 
Laser Treatments, Creams for Melasma, Freckles, Age Spots in Singapore | LS Aesthetic Clinic

What types of pigmentation are there?

Pigmentation AppearanceCauses
Melasma
Laser Treatments, Chemical Peels for Melasma, Freckles, Age Spots in Singapore | LS Aesthetic Clinic

Brown/black patches that appear gradually on the face

Such pigmentation appears as a result of an overproduction of melanin by your skin’s pigment cells.

Genetics, exposure to the sun, as well as pregnancy or hormonal changes can trigger the growth of melasma. In the case of pregnancy, however, the melasma usually subsides by the end of the pregnancy.

Freckles
Laser Treatments, Chemical Peels for Melasma, Freckles, Age Spots in Singapore | LS Aesthetic Clinic

Small flat brown marks that appear on the face and other areas commonly exposed to the sun.

Freckles are generally more common in people with fairer skin.

Freckles are usually caused as a result of sun exposure.

Age Spots
Laser Treatments, Chemical Peels for Melasma, Freckles, Age Spots in Singapore | LS Aesthetic Clinic

Small spots of flat or slightly-raised pigment with a clearly defined border

Age spots can occur anywhere on the body, and vary in colour from tan-brown to black.
Age spots are generally caused by sun exposure, as well as the process of aging itself.

Hypopigmentation
(Vitiligo)
Laser Treatments, Chemical Peels for Melasma, Freckles, Age Spots in Singapore | LS Aesthetic Clinic

Hypopigmentation refers to the loss of skin colour as a result of melanin depletion.

This can culminate in vitiligo, a skin condition in which there is a loss of colour, resulting in irregular white patches on the skin.

Vitiligo generally occurs on commonly exposed areas (such as the face, neck, nipples, navel, or genitalia), body folds (such as the armpits or groin), as well as sites of injury (such as areas with cuts, scrapes, or burns).

Hypopigmentation can be caused by diseases, burns, or trauma to the skin.

While the exact cause of vitiligo is not known, a possible cause could be due to the body’s immune system destroying the cells that form pigment in the skin.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Discolouration of the skin as a result of the healing of inflamed skin

Such discolouration often ranges from light brown to black in colour, and may become darker if exposed to sunlight.

Some common causes include:

  • Infections (including acne)
  • Allergic reactions
  • Trauma
  • Phototoxic reactions
  • Certain medications (e.g. anti-malarial drugs, tetracyclines, 5-fluororacil)

Poikiloderma of Civatte
Laser Treatments, Chemical Peels for Melasma, Freckles, Age Spots in Singapore | LS Aesthetic Clinic

A benign skin condition in which there is increased pigmentation and prominent blood vessels

The skin in affected areas tends to be reddish-brown with prominent hair follicles.

There can be many varying causes, but the main contributing factors are:

  • Long-term sun exposure
  • Hormonal changes
  • Skin colour (especially fairer skin types)
  • Cosmetics (e.g. perfumes)

How can I treat my pigmentation?

At LS Aesthetic, we offer a range of treatment methods to help your pigmentation subside as quickly as possible. Dr. Kok will assess your pigmentation condition and customize a depigmentation programme best suited for you.

Pigmentation Type Treatment Methods
Melasma
  • Chemical peels : These can lighten dark spots by resurfacing the skin.

  • Laser treatments: At LS Aesthetic, we use Nd:YAG lasers, which have been scientifically proven to be highly effective in clearing pigmentation.

  • Light therapy : This can improve pigmentation issues that occur as a result of sun damage, such as freckles, age spots, or melasma.

  • Topical applications : These help to fade the appearance of dark spots. In the case of hypopigmentation, special products can be given to restore colour to the skin.

  • Tinted sunblocks : Protection from sun exposure is necessary to prevent further pigmentation from forming

Freckles
Age Spots
Vitiligo
Hypopigmentation
Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
Poikiloderma of Civatte

Call us at +65 6738 4700 or email us at enquire@lsaestheticclinic.com for more enquiries. We are conveniently located at #10-04 Wisma Atria Office Tower, 435 Orchard Road Singapore 238877.